Join us for a lively evening discussion. No knowledge of philosophy required; just a willingness to ask questions and have an open mind. To reserve a place at our next cafe email Matt (email@example.com) or phone 07726 303517 / 01905 767426. Cost is £10, which includes a 2-course meal. Pay on the day.
You can also register on Eventbrite.
What justifies punishment? What are the limits to the extent of punishment? How do we determine the appropriate amount of punishment for offenders?
A utilitarian theory of punishment justifies it solely in terms of its good consequences. Punishment is not considered good in itself. If punishment reduces crime, then it is a good thing.
Another theory of punishment is based on retribution. Here, punishment is justified because the offender has voluntarily committed a wrong act. Wrongdoers deserve to suffer for what they have done, irrespective of any good consequences.